The prostate gland in a men’s body deceits just under the urinary bladder and is generally about the size of a chestnut. The urethra runs through the middle of the prostate. The key function of the prostate is in the course of reproductive life. It secrets semen which nurtures sperm cells to help with reproduction. The most common prostatic complications include enlarged prostate, prostatitis and prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer develops when cells or tissues in the prostate gland grows in an uncontrolled manner. Prostate cancer often starts gradually and may not ever cause any difficulty. But in some cases, men suffer from prostate cancer that is more expected to spread or cause severe complications. This requires treatment in order to stop it from disseminating outside the prostate.
Prostate cancer is the second most common source of cancer and amongst the top six most important cause of malignancy death among men, globally. Even though incidence rates of prostate cancer are considered low in Asian countries, various demographic changeovers in emerging countries like India have presented an increasing trend in a number of cancer cases including prostate cancer as one of the most important. Earlier it was assumed, that occurrence of prostate cancer in India is much lesser compared with the developed countries but with the increase in repositioning of rural population to the urban areas, change in lifestyles, increased awareness about cancers and wide access to medical facilities, more and more cases of prostate cancer are being recognized.
The precise cause(s) of spreading of this cancer is still not very clear and researches are going on to find it out; however, there are few aspects that can intensify the risk.
- Age: The threat of prostate cancer increases as men grow old.
- Family history: If a member in the family is diagnosed with prostate cancer men are 2-3 times more expected to get cancer.
- Height and weight: Taller men have a greater risk than shorter men of having this cancer. Also overweight may upsurge the risk.
- Lifestyle and environmental factors, such as cigarette smoking and diet that are high in saturated fat, appear to increase the danger of prostate cancer. Additional stuffs or contaminants in the environment or from industrial sources might also stimulate the development of prostate cancer, but all these have not yet been clearly acknowledged.
Prostate is the second largest primary spot of cancer among males in Indian metro cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Pune, third leading primary spot of cancer in cities like Bangalore and Mumbai and it is among the top ten leading sites of cancers in the rest of India. Various research data indicates that almost entire parts of India are more or less affected by prostate cancer. The occurrence rates of this cancer are sharply increasing. The cancer projection data demonstrates that the number of cases of prostate cancer will be doubled by 2020 in India.